General Information: Diabetes
Diabetes is an sickness that makes it difficult for your body to use the food you eat the right way. Some of the food you eat turns into glucose. Glucose is also called sugar, and is your body’s primary source of energy. Glucose travels through your body in your blood stream. Insulin is a substance made in the pancreas, which is a small organ behind your stomach. Insulin helps get the glucose out of the blood and into your cells. Just like a key unlocking a door, insulin is like the key that unlocks the door to the cells in your body, and lets the glucose in to be used as energy.
- If you have Type 1 diabetes, your body does not produce any insulin and you have to take insulin shots. The insulin shots help keep your blood sugar in control. You can get Type 1 diabetes at any time, but most people get it prior to being 30 years old.
- If you have Type 2 diabetes, your body produces insulin, but does not produce enough or does not use it efficiently. You might control your diabetes with diet and activity. Or you might have to take pills or insulin to help maintain your blood sugar.
Chat with your doctor if you have any signs of diabetes, specifically if you have more than one of them.